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Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

WHO Disease Outbreak News - Thu, 05/14/2015 - 23:20
On 9 May 2015, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of 6 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A (H7N9) virus, including 2 deaths.

Onset dates ranged from 26 March to 12 April 2015. Cases ranged in age from 3 to 67 years with a mean age of 36 years. Of these 6 cases, 4 (67%) were male. Four cases (67%) reported exposure to poultry related environment and 2 cases (33%) had unknown exposure. No clusters were reported. Cases were reported from five provinces and municipalities: Anhui (1), Fujian (1), Jiangsu (1), Shanghai (1), and Zhejiang (2).

Emergency preparedness pays off as Kathmandu hospitals respond to earthquakes

WHO News - Wed, 05/13/2015 - 21:18
The earthquakes and the continuing aftershocks in Nepal highlight the importance of the efforts the Ministry of Health and Population and WHO have had in place for more than a decade to ensure key hospitals, health facilities and health workers would be ready and able to function well in an emergency or natural disaster.

The first earthquake on 25 April measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale and the second on 12 May measuring 7.3 failed to disrupt services at Kathmandu’s largest public hospitals, including Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital (TUTH), Patan Hospital, Civil Service Hospital, Birendra Army Hospital and the trauma centre at Bir Hospital.

As of today, more than 8200 people are reported to have been killed in the earthquakes and over 19,000 injured.

In Nepal, hospital retrofitting, which involves everything from repairing cracks in walls to installing seismic belts and roof bracing, has been a core part of preparedness plans.

“Retrofitting meant that when the earthquakes struck the hospitals did not collapse,” said Dr Roderico Ofrin, WHO’s Health Response Leader. “ It is clear that the investment in time and resources paid off.”

In more than 15 years, WHO has supported Nepal’s Ministry of Health and Population to prepare health facilities in the Himalayan country that sits on a fault zone. In 2009, WHO focussed global attention to the need for safe health facilities in emergencies through its World Health Day campaign. The campaign underscored the need to build strong health systems able to provide medical care in times of disaster and emergency – an aim which the Organization has long been supporting with both technical and material support.

“These hospitals that are standing and were retrofitted went through a process of prioritization. Emergency rooms, maternity wards, and operating theatres were some of the first areas retrofitting was applied,” said Ofrin.

Still, retrofitting alone does not ensure an adequate health-care response in times of disaster. Capacity building and staff training is equally important.
Dr Pradeep Vaidya, director of TUTH’s Trauma Centre and coordinator for the WHO-supported Hospital Preparedness for Emergency Programme, says the response to the earthquake by health care providers was resilient because of pre-planning and training initiatives.

“The most helpful part during the earthquake response was the hospital emergency preparedness plan. People knew what to do, where to meet and how things will flow when the earthquake happened,” he said. “The roster management system worked well.”

Training in triage management has been an ongoing aspect of WHO’s working Nepal, putting into practice its guidelines and strategies in mass casualty management systems, released in 2007.

Because of the training, when large number of injured patients began to arrive, the emergency responders could quickly prioritize the injuries and save lives.

Though the devastation caused by the earthquakes is enormous, the strength of the retrofitted health facilities and the quick response of the health workers show that investment in preparedness pays off.

Media contacts:
(In Nepal)
Shamila Sharma
Mob: +91 9818287256
Email: sharmasha@who.int

(In New Delhi)
Vismita Gupta-Smith
Mob: +91 9871329861
Email: guptasmithv@who.int

(In Geneva)
Paul Garwood
Geneva mob: +41.79.603.7294
email: garwoodp@who.int

Tarik Jašarević
tel: +41 22 791 50 99
mob: +41 79 367 62 14
Email: jasarevict@who.int




Ebola virus disease – Italy

WHO Disease Outbreak News - Wed, 05/13/2015 - 18:40
On 12 May 2015, WHO received notification of a laboratory-confirmed case of Ebola virus disease (EVD). This is the first EVD case to be detected on Italian soil.

The patient is a healthcare worker who has returned from volunteering at an Ebola treatment centre in Sierra Leone. The patient flew from Freetown to Rome via Casablanca, Morocco on 7May. The arrival of the case had been communicated to the Ministry of Health, according to the health surveillance procedures in force since October 2014 for individuals coming back from Ebola affected countries in West Africa. At the arrival in Rome, the case displayed no symptoms of infectious Ebola.

World Health Statistics reports on global health goals for 194 countries

WHO News - Wed, 05/13/2015 - 16:17
2015 is the final year for the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – goals set by governments in 2000 to guide global efforts to end poverty. This year’s "World Health Statistics" – published today by WHO – assesses progress towards the health-related goals in each of the 194 countries for which data are available. The results are mixed.

By the end of this year if current trends continue, the world will have met global targets for turning around the epidemics of HIV, malaria and tuberculosis and increasing access to safe drinking water. It will also have made substantial progress in reducing child undernutrition, maternal and child deaths, and increasing access to basic sanitation.

Rapat Reformulasi Perencanaan Program Gizi berdasarkan Analisis Hasil Perhitungan Indeks Pembangunan Kesehatan Masyarakat (IPKM) Tahun 2013

Jejaring Gizi Indonesia - Tue, 05/12/2015 - 15:14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indeks Pembangunan Kesehatan Masyarakat (IPKM) adalah kumpulan indikator kesehatan yang dapat dengan mudah dan langsung diukur untuk menggambarkan masalah kesehatan, sehingga dapat digunakan untuk menentukan peringkat provinsi dan Kab/kota dalam keberhasilan pembangunan kesehatan masyarakat dan dapat juga digunakan sebagai dasar dalam pengambilan kebijakan kesehatan (dan terkait kesehatan) di pusat dan daerah.

Data IPKM 2014 diperoleh dari hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas 2013) dan Potensi Desa (Podes 2011). Data-data tersebut kemudian diolah menjadi 30 indikator yang dikatagorikan dalam 7 kelompok yaitu: (1) Kesehatan Balita, (2) Kesehatan Reproduksi, (3) Pelayanan Kesehatan, (4) Perilaku Kesehatan (5) Penyakit Tidak Menular, (6) Penyakit Menular, (7) Kesehatan Lingkungan.

Bertempat di Hotel Salak, Bogor, pada tanggal 7 – 9 Mei 2015, Direktorat Bina Gizi  melaksanakan Rapat Reformulasi Perencanaan Program Gizi berdasarkan Analisis Hasil Perhitungan Indeks Pembangunan Kesehatan Masyarakat (IPKM) Tahun 2013 untuk 13 Provinsi di Indonesia. Tujuan dari kegiatan ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan menganalisa permasalahan Kesehatan khususnya masalah gizi serta faktor penyebabnya sehingga bisa digunakan sebagai dasar untuk perencanaan kegiatan pembinaan gizi di Provinsi tersebut.

Acara dibuka oleh Direktur Bina Gizi Ir. Doddy Izwardy, dilanjutkan dengan diskusi mandiri dari masing masing kelompok. Hadir sebagai pembicara pada pertemuan itu yaitu dr. Mayangsari, MARS dan Larasati Indrawagita, SKM, MA dari Setditjen Bina Gizi dan KIA menyampaikan tentang Analisis IPKM sementara itu Suparmi, SKM,MKM dari Pusat Intervensi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Balitbangkes menyampaikan tentang Analisis Hasil Perhitungan Indeks Pembangunan Kesehatan Masyarakat. Acara dilanjutkan kembali dengan diskusi mandiri masing masing kelompok dan diakhiri dengan paparan dari salah satu kelompok untuk melihat dan menyepakati format dan menu yang tepat dalam menyusun Perencanaan Program Gizi.

WHO Director-General addresses high-level meeting on Ebola R&D

WHO Director-General Speeches - Mon, 05/11/2015 - 15:00
Distinguished scientists, representatives of industry, colleagues in public health, ladies and gentlemen,

Good morning and a warm welcome to this high-level meeting. I thank you for your time and expertise.

The Ebola outbreak in Liberia is over

WHO News - Sat, 05/09/2015 - 15:00
Today, 9 May 2015, WHO declares Liberia free of Ebola virus transmission. Forty-two days have passed since the last laboratory-confirmed case was buried on 28 March 2015. The outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Liberia is over.

Interruption of transmission is a monumental achievement for a country that reported the highest number of deaths in the largest, longest, and most complex outbreak since Ebola first emerged in 1976. At the peak of transmission, which occurred during August and September 2014, the country was reporting from 300 to 400 new cases every week.

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