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Poliovirus in Cameroon – update

WHO Disease Outbreak News - Sat, 09/06/2014 - 17:00
In Cameroon, 2 new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases were reported from the East Region, with onset of paralysis on 26 June 2014 and 9 July 2014. Genetic sequencing of these latest isolated viruses confirms continued wild poliovirus circulation, gaps in surveillance resulting in undetected transmission and geographic expansion to new areas of the country.

The outbreak in Cameroon has been ongoing since at least October 2013. The outbreak continued into 2014, with international spread to Equatorial Guinea. In March 2014, WHO elevated the risk assessment of international spread of polio from Cameroon to very high, due to expanding circulation and influx of vulnerable refugee populations from Central African Republic (CAR). This risk assessment remains in place. Further undetected circulation in Cameroon cannot be ruled out. Moreover, the risk of virus spreading into CAR is considered to be particularly high given the large-scale population movements from CAR into Cameroon.

Statement on the WHO Consultation on potential Ebola therapies and vaccines

WHO News - Fri, 09/05/2014 - 16:00
After 2 days of discussion on potential Ebola therapies and vaccines, more than 150 participants, representing the fields of research and clinical investigation, ethics, legal, regulatory, financing, and data collection, identified several therapeutic and vaccine interventions that should be the focus of priority clinical evaluation at this time.

Currently, none of these vaccines or therapies have been approved for human use to prevent or treat EVD. A number of candidate vaccines and therapies have been developed and tested in animal models and some have demonstrated promising results. In view of the urgency of these outbreaks, the international community is mobilizing to find ways to accelerate the evaluation and use of these compounds.

First WHO report on suicide prevention

WHO News - Thu, 09/04/2014 - 17:14
More than 800 000 people die by suicide every year – around one person every 40 seconds, according to WHO's first global report on suicide prevention, published today. Some 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries.

Pesticide poisoning, hanging and firearms are among the most common methods of suicide globally. Evidence from Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, the United States and a number of European countries reveals that limiting access to these means can help prevent people dying by suicide. Another key to reducing deaths by suicide is a commitment by national governments to the establishment and implementation of a coordinated plan of action. Currently, only 28 countries are known to have national suicide prevention strategies.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – update

Avian Influenza (WHO News Release) - Thu, 09/04/2014 - 17:03
On 2 September 2014, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China notified WHO of 2 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.

Details of the cases are as follows:

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – update

WHO Disease Outbreak News - Thu, 09/04/2014 - 17:03
On 2 September 2014, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China notified WHO of 2 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.

Details of the cases are as follows:

Ebola virus disease outbreak – west Africa

WHO Disease Outbreak News - Thu, 09/04/2014 - 16:45
WHO has committed to provide regular situation reports that include detailed epidemiological information and analysis, as well as regular monitoring of the national and international response to the outbreak against the Ebola response roadmap.

Recognizing the demand for updated numbers from this outbreak, the following information is being released in advance of the second update of this situation report.

UN senior leaders outline needs for global Ebola response

WHO News - Wed, 09/03/2014 - 16:00
The United Nations’ senior leadership on Ebola today said they could stop the Ebola outbreak in west Africa in 6 to 9 months, but only if a “massive” global response is implemented.

In a Washington, D.C. news conference, Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General of WHO, said the Ebola outbreak is “the largest, most complex and most severe we’ve ever seen” and is racing ahead of control efforts. Implementing the new WHO roadmap to coordinate and scale up international response will help the affected countries stop ongoing transmission, she said.

Ebola situation in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

WHO News - Wed, 09/03/2014 - 08:27
The Minister of Health of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, has now reported 3 confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease in Port Harcourt, the country’s oil hub. Additional suspected cases are being investigated.

Ebola virus was imported into Nigeria via an infected air traveller, who entered Lagos on 20 July and died 5 days later. One close contact of the Lagos case fled the city, where he was under quarantine, to seek treatment in Port Harcourt.

Bagaimana Penerapan Standar Antropometri Penilaian Status Gizi Balita pada TPG Terlatih?

Jejaring Gizi Indonesia - Tue, 09/02/2014 - 14:10

Jakarta, 25/8-GIZINET. Pada tahun 2010, Indonesia mengadopsi Standar Baru WHO 2005 sebagai pengganti rujukan WHO/NCHS melalui Kepmenkes RI No.1995/MENKES/SK/XII/2010 tentang penerapan Standar Antropometri Penilaian Status Gizi Anak. Sebagai konsekuensinya maka seluruh Tenaga Pelaksana Gizi (TPG) harus mendapatkan Pelatihan Penilaian Pertumbuhan Balita agar mampu melakukan penilaian pertumbuhan balita menggunakan minimal 3 indikator yaitu TB/U, BB/U, dan BB/TB. Hingga  saat ini pelatihan tersebut masih terus dilaksanakan dengan harapan setelah dilatih mereka segera mengaplikasikannya di wilayah masing-masing.

Pelatihan Penilaian Pertumbuhan Balita dititikberatkan pada kemampuan TPG untuk melakukan penilaian terhadap status gizi balita dan bagaimana memantau pola pertumbuhan balita serta tindak lanjut yang dilakukan bila terjadi masalah atau gangguan pertumbuhan dengan standard dan prosedur yang tepat yaitu (a) menghitung umur balita; (b) melihat bila terdapat tanda klinis marasmus, kwashiorkor, atau gabungan keduanya; (c) melakukan penimbangan berat badan dan pengukuran panjang/tinggi badan dengan benar; (d) melakukan interpretasi terhadap status gizi balita minimal menggunakan 3 indikator serta melihat trend perkembangannya; (d) melakukan konseling pemberian makan sesuai masalah atau gangguan pertumbuhan yang dialami balita.

Berdasarkan penelusuran yang dilakukan melalui evaluasi pasca pelatihan penilaian pertumbuhan balita akhir tahun 2013 pada beberapa wilayah di Provinsi Jawa Barat, Lampung, NTB, dan Sulawesi Tengah, diketahui bahwa penerapan penilaian pertumbuhan balita secara umum masih banyak yang belum sesuai standar dan prosedur sebagaimana yang diajarkan pada pelatihan. Namun hal ini bukan semata-mata karena TPG, tetapi juga dikarenakan minimnya kualitas dan kuantitas sarana dan prasarana di tempat kerja.

Menindaklanjuti hal tersebut, di tahun 2014 upaya peningkatan kapasitas TPG dalam penilaian pertumbuhan balita disertai dengan upaya melengkapi sarana dan prasarananya semakin ditingkatkan, tidak hanya mengandalkan dana pusat tetapi juga dana pemerintah daerah masing-masing. Untuk melihat kembali bagaimana penerapannya di tahun 2014 maka dilaksanakan kembali evaluasi pasca pelatihan penilaian pertumbuhan balita dengan target 8 provinsi, dan model kuesioner evaluasi yang lebih dikembangkan meliputi tidak hanya keterampilan TPG saja tetapi juga pengetahuannya tentang penilaan pertumbuhan balita, kelengkapan sarana dan prasarana di tempat kerja, serta bagaimana dukungan dari Kabupaten/Kota hingga Provinsi terkait. Evaluasi baru dilaksanakan di 3 Provinsi (Gorontalo, Kalimantan Selatan, dan Sumatera Utara) pada akhir bulan Juli 2014. Rencananya di bulan September 2014 akan dilanjutkan kembali di 5 Provinsi. Hasil keseluruhan dari evaluasi ini nantinya akan dirilis kembali pada berita berikutnya. (yuniz)

Virological analysis: no link between Ebola outbreaks in west Africa and Democratic Republic of Congo

WHO News - Tue, 09/02/2014 - 08:27
Results from virus sequencing of samples from the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) were received last night. The virus is the Zaire strain, in a lineage most closely related to a virus from the 1995 Ebola outbreak in Kikwit, DRC.

The Zaire strain of the virus is indigenous in the country. Ebola first emerged in 1976 in almost simultaneous outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of Congo (then Zaire) and South Sudan (then Sudan).

Persiapan Riset Khusus Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit

B2P2VRP Salatiga - Mon, 09/01/2014 - 20:56

 Riset Khusus Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (Rikhus Vektora) adalah salah satu riset skala nasional Badan Litbang Kesehatan dengan Penanggungjawab kegiatan ada di Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) - Salatiga.

Riset dilakukan dengan latar belakang (1) tingginya ancaman penyakit tular vektor, zoonosis yang bersifat emerging / new emerging infectious diseases (EID) untuk menimbulkan pandemi; (2) biogeografis Indonesia yang merupakan pertemuan dua daerah pembagian fauna dunia (daerah Oriental dan Australia) memiliki risiko keragaman jumlah spesies satwa liar yang akan terdistribusi di berbagai tipe habitat dan ekosistem; dan (3) data nasional terkait taksonomi dan bionomik dari berbagai nyamuk vektor ataupun tikus serta kelelawar reservoir masih belum ada, hanya terdapat beberapa penelitian yang dilakukan secara terpisah-pisah hingga awal tahun 2000.

Rikhus Vektora direncanakan akan dilaksanakan secara bertahap di 34 provinsi di Indonesia selama 3 tahun, yang dimulai pada tahun 2015-2017. Pada tahun 2015 kegiatan dilaksanakan di 9 provinsi, tahun 2016 di 13 provinsi dan pada tahun 2017 di provinsi tersisa. Pelaksanaan persiapan dan uji coba sudah mulai dilakukan pada tahun 2014 ini. Pelaksanaan pengumpulan data nantinya akan mencakup 136 kabupaten dengan 816 titik ekosistem di seluruh provinsi. Pengumpulan data pada Rikhus Vektora mencakup vektor (nyamuk) dan reservoir (tikus dan kelelawar). Kegiatan akan melibatkan Dinas Kesehatan Propinsi/ Kabupaten/Kota, berbagai Lembaga Penelitian dan sejumlah Perguruan Tinggi di Indonesia.

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